Public speaking is a complex concept that unites speaking in front of an audience, in open areas, on television, and communication with management, employers, and just friendly communication in the company of good acquaintances. Knowledge of the psychology of public speaking will be helpful in any situation where you need to show your best qualities, demonstrate your ability to communicate, and present your professional skills.
A successful oral public presentation is not just a conversation but a signed contract, a new job, business partners, public recognition. The purpose of a public speech is to interest the audience so that the listeners catch every word, gesture, and react to the intonation of the voice; this is the ability to inspire people with their ideas. Some currently popular public speakers are Tony Robbins, Karen Mccleave, Les Brown, etc.
If we talk about a pragmatic speech in front of an audience, business communication impacts the audience with words and posture, facial expressions, gestures, pauses, the rhythm of speech, visual contact, and the power of voice. This requires the speaker to master his voice, body, facial expressions, adhere to special rules and use specific techniques.
Not every person will master this art. From our material, you will learn what a public speech is, its types and forms, the rules for a successful speech.
Features of public speaking:
Speaking to an audience as a form of business communication has specific features. Constant contact between the lecturer and the audience is essential. Each lecturer is obliged to know and apply in practice the general features of speaking in front of the audience.
The speaker must observe the audience, track the reaction, analyze the mood, and behavior. Gestures, facial expressions, and questions can understand the mood of the listeners. Feedback helps the speaker to gain confidence, forget about the fear of the stage and large audience.
Public speaking presupposes the ability to establish and maintain a lively dialogue with the audience. In the oral form of communication, information is assimilated more thoroughly and faster, and the speaker quickly wins the audience’s trust. This form of presentation is considered the most effective.
Oral speech concerning the literature:
For the speech to capture the audience, the lecturer must support his speech with facts from fiction and scientific literature to inspire confidence. Each word should be thoughtful; without traditional cliches, clericalisms, it is better to add bright inserts on the topic.
Important! Experts recommend combining different styles in speech – colloquial, artistic – this encourages action, inspires confidence in the audience. Karen Mccleave Lawyer‘s real-life experiences are worth a look for some real guidance.
Types and forms of public appearances:
Oral presentations to an audience depending on the purpose:
- Information Speech- used in reports on political or scientific topics, lectures for students, speeches to students, stories about any phenomenon;
- Protocol and Etiquette – in this form, delegations are welcomed, congratulations on their birthday or hero of the day are being prepared, an opening or closing speech at an official event;
- Entertaining – any informal speech (toast, life story about a funny incident);
- Persuasive – the main goal is to convince the audience of the speaker’s correctness, to demonstrate the correctness of the position and judgments, is used in commercials, political, scientific discussion, campaign programs.
Important! One speech can have different purposes. As a result, types of public speaking are combined and obtained information-persuasive or infotainment.
In addition, the following forms of performances in front of an audience are distinguished:
- report – presentation on essential topics (social, scientific, medical), duration from a quarter of an hour to 3 hours;
- message – a short presentation on one topic, the maximum duration of 10 minutes, necessarily contains facts, statistical information;
- speech – a short message up to 5 minutes long, the topic is selected in advance or arises as a result of the discussion of a specific topic;
- lecture – presentation of a specific topic by a specialist using scientific facts, duration in the range from a quarter of an hour to 1.5 hours;
- conversation – a dialogue between the lecturer and the audience, the topic and format are determined in advance, and the time frame is not limited; it involves questions from the audience, the speaker’s answers.