How Does a Conveyor System Work?


Conveyor systems are a collection of conveyor belts that can help to transport goods with minimal effort in contrast, to manually moving the goods. A conveyor system is vital in industries that deal with large quantities of heavy goods, sharp objects, and mass-produced or bulk products.

Installing a conveyor system is just one aspect of getting it up and running. To ensure conveyor systems perform their intended task, businesses need to invest in proper training. It is crucial that everyone involved in the operation understands the functions and what to do in case of an emergency. They also need to be able to check the system regularly and perform maintenance work as needed.

Essential parts of a conveyor system

How your conveyors are designed will depend on what conveyor system you have and what it will be carrying. Reliable conveyor belt manufacturers will take into consideration the size of your operation and the products being moved when helping you select the right system.


Belted conveyor systems require two or more pulleys to work. These are also known as drums. They are the parts of the conveyor belt that wrap around the belt to provide structure and movement.

Conveyor belt support

Most conveyors are similar in terms of construction. They consist of a metal frame that has rollers at each end and a flat metal platform. If it is a heavy-duty application, the rollers may be closely spaced. Try to find out from your list of conveyor belt manufacturers the best option for your industry. 

Driving unit

This unit is responsible for the operation of the conveyor system and allows it to function smoothly. It is the main part of the conveyor that controls which direction and the speed the belt is moving.

Things to consider when looking for a conveyor for sale

Rated speed

Conveyor speeds are rated in foot per minute. A powered roller conveyor is measured in terms of how much volume, packaging, or production of an item will be moving over the powered roller conveyor system. A conveyor system’s speed will vary depending on the type of product you are moving. This is a vital part of how conveyor systems function.

Load capacity

This is an essential part of the conveyor’s operation and will determine which conveyor system and functions you choose. Reliable manufacturers will make sure the conveyor is built to the required custom length. This will determine the loading capacity or the loading margins of the conveyor system.

As the load required for the conveyor system increases, the design and width of the conveyor system will change. This is one of the most important factors to consider when looking for a conveyor for sale. 


The conveyor system’s throughput measures how much product passes through it. Sometimes, the throughput capacity of a conveyor is referred to as Cases Per Minute (CPM). It is determined by the mainline conveyor’s slowest speed and the length of the product being transported. It is measured in cubic feet per minute.